Animal agriculture in Utah represents the single largest sector of farm income in Utah. At a value of more than $1 billion, and with 25 of the state’s 29 counties reporting livestock as the dominant agricultural sector, the UDAF spends considerable energy maintaining a healthy and prosperous industry, and reporting our actions to Utah citizens.
The various programs listed here offer services that: protect Utah livestock from, and reduce the effects of foreign and domestic diseases; increase the market value of Utah livestock; promote and ensure animal health and productivity; protect human health; and prepare for and respond to emergency situations involving animals.
Leptospirosis outbreak associated with a dog boarding facility in Washington County, Utah
Several cases of leptospirosis have been diagnosed between July and September 2019 in dogs around Washington County, Utah that used the same boarding facility. Leptospirosis is caused by the bacteria Leptospira which infects the kidney of dogs and other mammals. Infected dogs may show:
- Excessive drinking and urination
- Vomiting and/or diarrhea
- Loss of appetite and lethargy (tiredness and reluctance to move)
- Blood in the urine
- Yellowing of the eyes
Dogs can get leptospirosis from contact with the urine of infected animals, raw meat, bites, or sexual transmission. Freezing, drying, sunlight, and most disinfectants will kill Leptospira, but under the right conditions can survive for weeks to months in soil saturated with urine or in slow-moving or stagnant water. Common risk factors for leptospirosis in dogs include drinking from rivers, lakes or streams, exposure to wild animal or farm animal species, and contact with rodents or other dogs.
There are vaccines for leptospirosis that are effective and last for 12 months. Your veterinarian can discuss the risk factors with you to decide if routine vaccination for leptospirosis is appropriate for your animals.
If your veterinarian suspects leptospirosis, they will collect blood and urine for testing to confirm the diagnosis. Antibiotics are usually very effective in treating leptospirosis, and most dogs will respond quickly. However, dogs may develop kidney or liver damage that requires hospitalization and may cause death. Some dogs that recover may become chronic carriers, meaning that there are still bacteria in their kidneys that can be spread through their urine.
Leptospirosis can also cause disease in people. If your dog has leptospirosis, and you feel unwell, seek medical attention. If you are pregnant or immunocompromised, talk to your physician. The American Veterinary Medical Association also recommends that owners of infected dogs:
- Administer antibiotics as prescribed by your veterinarian;
- Avoid contact with your dog’s urine;
- If your dog urinates in your home, quickly clean the area with a household disinfectant and wear gloves to avoid skin contact with the urine;
- Encourage your dog to urinate away from standing water or areas where people or other animals will have access;
- Wash your hands after handling your pet.
If you have concerns about leptospirosis, contact your veterinarian.
- Information for Category II Accredited Veterinarians (PDF) - July 26, 2019
- Current Situation Reports - 2019 Vesicular Stomatitis Situation
- International Regulations (IRegs) for ANIMAL Exports
Vesicular Stomatitis Virus (VSV) Alert Notification
There are currently cases of vesicular stomatitis virus in Utah
(Salt Lake City) In concurrence with the recent report of positive vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV)
animals diagnosed in the United States, the Utah Department of Agriculture and Food, Animal
Industry Division has implemented the following importation changes that are in effect immediately for affected states:
All imports of horses, cattle, bison, cervids, sheep, goats, and swine, from states which have a
confirmed vesicular stomatitis virus positive animal or have quarantines in place for this
disease, are required to be accompanied by an entry permit number prior to import into Utah. The
permit number will be assigned by our permitting staff and is to be listed on the Certificate of
Veterinary Inspection (CVI) and will be given to the veterinarian issuing the CVI.
A statement shall be written in the remarks section of the CVI by the issuing veterinarian that
indicates that "the animals listed on the CVI have not originated from a premises or an area under
quarantine for vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) or a premises on which vesicular stomatitis virus has
been diagnosed in the last 30 days, or are within 10 miles of such premises; and the animals in the
shipment have no signs of vesicular stomatitis viral disease."
Export shipments within a 10 mile radius of an infected area or premises will require an
exception from the State Veterinarian’s Office, 801-538-7161.
These requirements shall remain in effect until notice is given by the Utah Department of Agriculture
and Food / Animal Industry Division.
Vesicular stomatitis is a viral disease caused by two distinct serotypes of vesicular stomatitis virus—
New Jersey and Indiana. Vesiculation, ulceration, and erosion of the oral and nasal mucosa and
epithelial surface of the tongue, coronary bands, and teats are typically seen in clinical cases, along
with crusting lesions of the muzzle, ventral abdomen, and sheath. Clinical disease has been seen in
cattle, horses, and pigs and very rarely in sheep, goats, and llamas. Serologic evidence of exposure
has been found in many species, including cervids, nonhuman primates, rodents, birds, dogs,
antelope, and bats.
EHM is a neurologic condition that can result from infection with Equine Herpesvirus-1. Horses that attended the Nevada State/Junior/High School Rodeo that took place in Pahrump February 22-24 may have been exposed to the virus and should be monitored for signs of disease such as fever, cough or runny nose. Two additional cases of EHV-1 were confirmed in Clark County, Nevada on March 19th. Additional exposure may have occurred at a rodeo in Fernley March 8th-10th.
Horses should be isolated for two weeks after returning home from an event, during which time they should be monitored for disease symptoms. Horse owners should contact their veterinarian immediately if their horse begins to show sign of EHV-1 after returning from an event. Currently, no signs of this virus have been reported in Utah horses.
See the brochure posted below for more information.
Click here for EHM brochure