Utah Department of Agriculture and Food

Small Business Exemption for Nutrition Labeling

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., Labeling Specialist
(801) 860-7075 or (801) 538-7124
(801) 538-4949 fax

21 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 101.9 Nutrition Labeling, Small Business Exemption

The "final" rule was published in the Federal Register, Wednesday, August 7, 1996 and became effective October 7, 1996.

21 CFR 101.9(a) Nutrition information relating to food shall be provided for all products intended for human consumption and offered for sale unless an exemption is provided for the product in paragraph (j) of this section. (j) The following foods are exempt from this section or are subject to special labeling requirements:

(j)(1)(i) is amended to read: Food offered for sale by a person who makes direct sales to consumers (e.g., a retailer) who has annual gross sales made or business done in sales to consumers that is not more than $500,000 or has annual gross sales made or business done in sales of food to consumers of not more than $50,000, Provided, That the food bears no nutrition claims or other nutrition information in any context on the label or in labeling or advertising. Claims or other nutrition information subject the food to the provisions of this section.

(j)(18) Food products that are low-volume (that is, they meet the requirements for units sold in paragraphs (j)(18)(i) or (j)(18)(ii) of this section); that, except as provided in paragraph (j)(18)(iv) of this section, are the subject of a claim for an exemption that provides the information required under paragraph (j)(18)(iv) of this section, that is filed before the beginning of the time period for which the exemption is claimed, and that is filed by a person, whether it is the manufacturer, packer, or distributor, that qualifies to claim the exemption under the requirements for average full-time equivalent employees in paragraphs (j)(18)(i) or (j)(18)(ii) of this section; and whose labels, labeling, and advertising do not provide nutrition information or make a nutrient content or health claim.

  1. For food products first introduced into interstate commerce before May 8, 1994, the product shall be exempt for the period:
    1. Between May 8, 1995, and May 7, 1996, if, for the period between May 8, 1994, and May 7, 1995, the person claiming the exemption employed fewer than 300 full-time equivalent employees and fewer than 400,000 units of that product were sold in the United States; and
    2. Between May 8, 1996, and May 7, 1997, if, for the period between May 8, 1995, and May 7, 1996, the person claiming the exemption employed fewer than 200 full-time equivalent employees and fewer than 200,000 units of that product were sold in the United States.

  2. For all other food products, the product shall be eligible for an exemption for any 12-month period if, for the preceding 12 months, the person claiming the exemption employed fewer than an average of 100 full-time equivalent employees and fewer than 100,000 units of that product were sold in the United States, or in the case of a food product that was not sold in the 12-month period preceding the period for which exemption is claimed, fewer than 100,000 units of such product are reasonably anticipated to be sold in the United States during the period for which exemption is claimed.

  3. If a person claims an exemption under paragraphs (j)(18)(i) or (j)(18)(ii) of this section for a food product and then, during the period of such exemption, the number of full-time equivalent employees of such person exceeds the appropriate number, or the number of food products sold in the United States exceeds the appropriate number, or, if at the end of the period of such exemption, the food product no longer qualifies for an exemption under the provisions of paragraphs (j)(18)(i) or (j)(18)(ii) of this section, such person shall have 18 months from the date that the product was no longer qualified as a low-volume product of a small business to comply with this section.

  4. A notice shall be filed with the Office of Food Labeling (HFS-150), Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Food and Drug Administration, 200 C St. SW., Washington, DC 20204 and contain the following information, except that if the person is not an importer and has fewer than 10 full-time equivalent employees, that person does not have to file a notice for any food product with annual sales of fewer than 10,000 total units:

Definitions:
21CFR 101.9 (j)(18)(iv)(F)(vi)

  1. Unit means the packaging or, if there is no packaging, the form in which a food is offered for sale to consumers.
  2. Food product means food in any sized package which is manufactured by a single manufacturer or which bears the same brand name, which bears the same statement of identity, and which has similar preparation methods.
  3. Person means all domestic and foreign affiliates, as defined in 13 CFR 121.401, of a firm or other entity, when referring to a firm or other entity that is not a corporation.
  4. Full-time equivalent employee means all individuals employed by the person claiming the exemption. This number shall be determined by dividing the total number of hours of salary or wages paid directly to employees of the person and of all of its affiliates by the number of hours of work in a year, 2,080 hours (i.e., 40 hours x 52 weeks).